What is the Difference between Peanut Butter and Jam?

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What is the Difference between Peanut Butter and Jam

If you talk of bread spreads, peanut butter and jam top the list. While taste is the most obvious difference between both spreads, have you really sat down to analyze what is the difference between peanut butter and jam? 

What is the Difference between Peanut Butter and Jam?

Peanut butter and jam are two of the most popular food items loved for their texture and taste. Though they are somewhat similar, they also have numerous differences. 

1. Category

  • Peanut Butter is a nut butter. 
  • Jam is a fruit preservative. 

2. How it is made?

  • Peanut Butter 

Peanut butter is made from mashed roasted peanuts until they form a paste. Some ingredients such as emulsifiers may be added for texture and taste. Peanut butter retains the original taste of peanut. 

  • Jam 

Jam is translucent or clear crushed fruit or fruit pulp. Jam is made by mixing fruits, water, and sugar. They are then boiled until they form a puree.

The main ingredients of jams include various types of fruits such as raspberry, peach, apple, mango, strawberry, and apricot. Some jams are also made of fruits and vegetables such as squash. 

The fruits in jams need to be reduced with sugar. Some preservatives such as sugar and vinegar are also added to maximize shelf life. Typically, jams are made from one fruit but there are also some mixed fruit jams. 

Jams can be made to be sweet and savory. 

3. Flavors and Texture

  • Peanut Butter

Peanut Butter tastes the same. The nuts are evenly ground to create a creamy texture. The US Department of Agriculture says that peanut butter should contain 90% peanuts and 10% should be a combination of salt, emulsifiers, sweeteners, etc… 

Peanut butter can be smooth and crunchy. Smooth peanut butter does not come with any chunks. Crunchy peanut butter comes with some coarse fragments of peanuts for added taste and texture. 

Peanut butter can be salty. 

  • Jam 

Jams can have different flavors and taste depending on the fruit they are made up of. Jams are always sweet. 

4. Varieties

  • Peanut Butter

Peanut butter comes in different varieties depending on the ingredients added to the nuts, as well as its intended use and the texture that needs to be achieved. Peanut butter peanut butter can also be salted.

  • Jam

Jams can either be cooked or uncooked. 

5. Uses

  • Peanut Butter

Peanut butter can be used as a spread on crackers, toast, bread, and pancakes. It is also often added as an ingredient in breakfast foods and baked foods such as cookies, crepes, granola, and croissants. 

  • Jam

Jam are spreads for toast, bread, and crackers. They can also be ingredients for breakfast and sweet recipes. 

6. Nutritional Value

  • Peanut Butter

One-fourth cup of peanuts or approximately 2 tablespoons of peanut butter contain: 

         + Calories 207

         + Fat 18 grams

         + Fiber 3 grams

         + Protein 9 grams

         + Carbohydrates 6 grams

         + Sugar 1 gram 

Peanut butter is rich in Vitamins B3 (Niacin), B6, and E. It is also a good source of manganese, magnesium, copper (for bone health, blood vessels, and immune function, as well as reduce the risk of heart disease and osteoporosis). 

  • Jam

One tablespoon of Jam contains: 

          + Calories 569

          + Moisture 6.09 grams

          + Protein 0.07 gram

          + Carbohydrates 13.77 grams

          + Lipid Fat 0.01 gram

          + Dietary Fiber 0.2 gram

          + Sugar 9.7 grams

          + Ash 0.05 gram

7. Health Benefits and Risks

  • Peanut Butter

Peanut butter contains high levels of resveratrol and monounsaturated fats. This spread is a good source of Vitamins B3 and E, and minerals including folate, magnesium, dietary fiber, and antioxidant p-coumaric acid. 

Consuming peanut butter every day can decrease the risk of heart disease. Since peanut butter is high in calories, it should, however, be taken in moderation to avoid excessive weight gain. 

Peanut butter contains oleic acid (fats). When you take oleic acid instead of other fats, you are able to maintain your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol, therefore lowering the risk of heart disease. 

  • Jam

Jams has no contribution to the fat and cholesterol content of your body. When consumed in appropriate serving sizes, jams can help maintain a fit and healthy weight.  Jams contain high levels of sugar and are a great source of fiber and energy. This can help you curb hunger and eat less. 

Jams, because they are made of healthy fruit, can reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. 

Final Thoughts

Peanut butter and jam are ideal spreads for bread, loaf, crackers, and pancakes. They are also used as ingredients for a variety of baked goods and breakfast foods. Both spreads also have good health benefits. 

Jams, though, have higher calorie content than peanut butters, so, this spread should be taken in moderation. 

If you are in a quandary on whether to take more of peanut butter and jam, take a close look at their difference and make a decision based on your health condition and preference. 

If you have questions about what is the difference between peanut butter and jam that were not covered in the article, feel free to post them in the comments section. 

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